Pay attention to protection and prevent neonatal conjunctivitis
Within a few days after birth, some babies developed yellow-white discharge in both eyes, and more and more, even the eyes could not be opened.
My mother was very anxious, worried whether she had a problem in taking care of herself?
So began to reduce the indoor temperature, and the package and wear of the baby were also reduced, and even the mother’s milk did not dare to feed more. I’m afraid that the baby is too “hot” but does not see improvement. What is going on?
In fact, the baby is suffering from “newborn conjunctivitis” at this time, which is a kind of eye disease that newborn babies are easily infected.
Newborn babies are susceptible to conjunctivitis 1.
Newborns have low immunity, too weak resistance to germs, and bacteria that are not pathogenic to adults and older children, which can also cause them to suffocate infection.
The lacrimal glands are not yet fully developed, so tears are thorough, and it is not easy to wash away the invading bacteria, so that they reproduce in the eye and cause conjunctivitis.
At birth, the baby’s head passes through the mother’s cervix and vagina, and the eyes are easily infected by germ contamination in these areas.
If the mother’s vaginal chlamydia test is positive, 70% of babies born from the vagina may be infected, of which 18%?
50% of neonatal chlamydia conjunctivitis occurs.
The “culprit” bacteria that cause conjunctivitis in newborn babies are mainly Staphylococcus aureus, influenza bacillus, gonococcus, pneumococcus, and E. coli.
Chlamydia has been mistaken for a virus in the past, and modern medical scientific research has proved that it is very similar to bacteria, so it is listed as an independent microbiome in bacteria. Chlamydia that causes conjunctivitis in newborn babies is called chlamydia trachomatis.
Newborn babies usually have conjunctivitis 5 after birth?
Onset at 14 days, manifested as swelling of the eyelids, redness and edema of the eyelid conjunctiva, accompanied by secretions, which were initially white, but may soon become purulent, so yellowish white with purulent secretions appeared.
At the beginning, it may be the retinal eye, but the other eye must be replaced by the development of the disease. If it is not treated in time, the corneal invasion can be eliminated.
Some babies will have long-term sequelae of poor eyes, such as disturbed vision.
How to prevent conjunctivitis in newborn babies (1) Home hospitals and nursing care: Use after birth.
Apply 5% erythromycin or 1% tetracycline eye ointment to the conjunctiva, or use eye drops to prevent eye drops.
· Mother must keep her hands and clothes clean when taking care of the baby. Never use an unclean handkerchief to scrub the baby’s face and eyes.
(2) Daily care of baby’s eyes · If the baby’s eyes have secretions or have conjunctivitis, please do the following care: 1.
Every time you clear your baby’s eye secretions, remember to wash your hands with running water first.
Soak a sterile cotton swab in warm water (it is better not to drip water), and gently scrub the eye secretions.
If secretions are adhered to the eyelashes, you can use a sterilized cotton ball to soak in warm boiling water for a while, and then use a wet cotton ball to gently wipe from the eye disease to the outside of the eye. Use one cotton ball at a time.Until wiped clean.
Eye drops with antibiotic eye drops.
The mother holds the eyedrops bottle and drips the medicine into the outer corner of the baby’s eye. Do not drop on the black eyes or let the mouth of the bottle touch the eyelashes. Keep the mouth of the bottle 2 cm away from the eyes.
Just 3 drops.
After dropping, release your fingers and gently lift your eyelids with your thumb and index finger to prevent the medicine from flowing into your nasal cavity.
If both eyes need to drop the drug, the complications of gently dripping the drops should be used first, and then the drops should be heavy. The interval is preferably 3?
Common eye drops are 0.
25% chloramphenicol eye drops; if it is a gonococcal infection, replace penicillin eye drops; erythromycin eye drops for chlamydia ophthalmitis, also available 0.
5% chlortetracycline eye drops water drops or 0.
1% rifampicin eye drops dripping into the eye.
Disinfect your baby ‘s used items, especially towels and handkerchiefs.
· If the eyes are red and swollen, if there are too many purulent secretions and congestion of white eyeballs, be sure to go to the ophthalmology clinic without delay.